Essay On Poverty in Underdeveloped Countries
Describe various strategies for dealing with massive urban poverty, joblessness, and poor housing.
Summarize the various ways the urban poor can and do influence politics in their country.
Explain forms of political expression among the Urban Poor.
Although there are numerous explanations towards poverty, the most worldly accepted is a provision by social scientists, which have combined different dimensions of poverty such as non material and material. Due to this, poverty has been identified as a product of both material conditions and different sets of interlocking factors. Examples of these interlocking factors include social isolation, vulnerability, physical weakness and powerlessness (Gugler, 2009). In describing the poverty of household, it has a relation with organizational capacity to manage and deploy resources, resource endowments, and available coping mechanisms and labor force position. Others include external contingencies and also family contingencies that tend to greatly affect household strategies.
It is essential to identify household strategies that offer poor families a guidance when in need of seeking household goods and services in the aim of coping with urban life. All individuals have the capability of making diverse choices that can ultimately affect their lives especially in urban places despite social or economic constraints (Hossain, 2008). This is possible through a thorough approach of pooling resources that can be done either informally or formally. Other approaches include self provisioning, self construction of shelter, families avoid entrapment in poverty cultures that are believed to perpetuate more poor living conditions.
Poor living conditions in most urban centers especially for the third world countries has been a major cause of pressure on population leading to joblessness and other undesirable life factors. This is the reason most people living in urban areas have sought different reactions to solve this situation. For instance, using of micro level data in realizing about economic and spatial characteristics for the urban poor hence leading to their assistance.
Most poor families have adopted different ways in the will to chase out poverty. However, the most commonly employed method is the involvement n more self managed low paying jobs. These jobs include street vending and selling, rickshaw pulling, personal servicing, construction work, working in governments and different semi government organizations. The poor have the interest of adapting this method because entering more family members into a certain workforce is a great survival strategy amongst the urban poor.
Poor people living in urban areas have embraced diverse methods of ensuring that they are involved in their countries political policies and resolutions. For instance, almost all countries have ensured a continuous involvement of the policymaking strategies that ensures that all people in a certain countries including the youth are well catered for in the political dimension. For many years, the poor have been eliminated from all current waves that involve political ambitions, and in most cases, are usually directed to rising youths who have been rendered second class citizens. It is essential to realize that most people living in urban areas have realized this form and have come together to fight so as to ensure that policymaking reigns among the poor people (Israel, 2010).
In addition, most youths who have grown in the poor parts of most urban towns have embraced education in the will to eradicate poverty. This has been supported by several governments with the aim of ensuring that more youths get chances in the different employment sectors. Education comes along with enlightenment of the youth making them more viable to venture into the countries politics hence creating and making different ways of assisting those living in poor conditions.
Gugler, j. (2009). Poverty in Urban Areas. NewYork: Balkan Books.
Hossain, S. (2008). Social life of the poor. New York: ipublishers.
Israel, N. (2010). The Urban poor. NewJersey: Prentice Hall.