Explain the difference between the caliphate and the imamate.

Caliphate refers to a time when the Muslim Empire was led by caliphs. Imamate refers to the divine institution which succeeds prophet hood. Caliph means successor while Imam means leader. The Imam is divinely appointed by Allah while the Caliph is not; rather he is elected by fellow Muslims. The differences between the caliphs and Imams are seen in their roles, in society.

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