Explain the origins of Cairo and Baghdad.
Baghdad is the capital city of Iraq. The city was established by the Abbasid caliphate in the eight century after it conquered the Umayyad House. Al- Mansur commissioned the city’s design to be of the Persian round design. Baghdad became a focal point for Islamic culture, trading, training as it had many markets and educational institutions. The city was, however, ruined in 1258 by the Mongol Empire. The Mongols later reconstructed Baghdad. Through the centuries, Baghdad fell under the rule of various empires that further ruined the city. In the 20th century, the city started to rise to its former glory as a center for Islamic and Arab culture.
Currently, Cairo is the largest city in the middle East. The Fatimid dynasty founded the city in the 10th century. The Fatimids constructed mosques, academic institutions and administrative headquarters in Cairo. In 1250, Cairo was taken over by the Mamluks who set new infrastructure in the city, expanded it and made it a center for Islamic learning and trading. The city was hit by a plague known as the black death that killed thousands of people thus leading to declining of the city. The Ottoman Empire took over Cairo from 16th to 17th century. The city was later conquered by the British till the 20th century.