Five Global Health Problems
Abstract
Numerous global health programs have been developed over several years. These health programs have been set up with an aim of contributing towards a positive development to the global health and have had profound positive implications on the global health. Some of the global health programs include Fogarty International Center, UCLA Program in Global Health, and Council on Foreign Relations (CFR) Global Health Program, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), and World Health Organization (WHO). Fogarty International Center has various roles in enhancing global health. Nevertheless, Fogarty International Center lacks a global perspective per se. The UCLA Program in Global Health often undertakes scientific investigations with an aim of improving on the level of understanding on diverse epidemics but limits partnerships with learning institutions. The Council on Foreign Relations (CFR) Global Health Program has been mandated to provide needed analysis based on evidence and recommendations. Although it has been in existence for several years, the developing nations continue to face innumerable healthcare challenges. The Center for Disease Control (CDC) activities have brought about numerous benefits on global healthcare. However, it has not adequately addressed infectious diseases in developing nations. The World Health Organization (WHO) is involved in the directing and coordination of the health programs undertaken by the United Nations. However, it has not successfully dealt with healthcare issues in the developing nations.
Keywords: Global Health Care, developing nations, programs.
Five Global Health Problems
There are numerous global health programs that have been developed over several years. Most of these health programs have been set up with an aim of contributing towards a positive development to the global health. Numerous global health programs have had profound positive implications on the global health. Examples of global health programs include Fogarty International Center, UCLA Program in Global Health, Council on Foreign Relations (CFR) Global Health Program, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), and World Health Organization (WHO). The numerous global health programs have been associated with various advantages and disadvantages. All these global health programs have different objectives and goals to achieve. In the process of achieving the target goals, these global health programs have greatly benefited the global health sector. However, there are some disadvantages associated with these global health programs. Nevertheless, the outcomes associated with these global health programs have far outweighed the disadvantages.
The Fogarty International Center has various roles in enhancing global health. It is part of the US National Institutes of Health that plays various roles such as supporting basic applied and clinical research as well as training Foreign and US investigators. Fogarty International Center was formed over 40 years ago and has bridged National Health Institute with global health community (NIH, 2013). It facilitates exchanges among global investigators, provision of training opportunities, promoting developing countries’ research initiatives, and funding. Fogarty has enhanced research on health at a global level and particularly, on pursuit of disease eradication such as polio. Fogarty has continuously contributed towards the positive development of global health care. Nevertheless, Fogarty International Center draws its background from the U.S and all efforts are aligned towards U.S National Institutes of Health hence lacking a global perspective per se. It is also mainly concerned with research as opposed to actual interventions.
The UCLA Program in Global Health often undertakes scientific investigations with an aim of improving on the level of understanding on diverse epidemics as well as adopts better strategies towards the prevention and treatment of such epidemics. In particular, it focuses its attention on the developing nations can effectively deal with the various epidemics such as HIV/AIDS. The UCLA Program on Global Health (PGH) is sub-group of the Division of Infectious Diseases at the Department of Medicine, David Geffen School of Medicine in the University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA, 2013). The PGH has developed partnerships with various academic institutions in developing countries in an attempt to advance clinical research, policy and prevention of HIV/AIDS and numerous diseases across the globe. The PHG specifically focuses attention on areas such as science, policy, training and dissemination. The disadvantages of the UCLA PGH include focus on HIV/AIDS, limiting partnerships with learning institutions and focusing on developing nations.
The Council on Foreign Relations (CFR) Global Health Program has been mandated to provide needed analysis based on evidence and recommendations to business leaders, policymakers, journalists as well as the general public to globalized healthcare challenges. The fact that health care issues initially confined to just one area of the world can affect all the people globally has led to the need for intensified efforts towards global health campaigns. For instance, infectious diseases have a potential of affecting millions of people globally and hence the need to have a global approach towards awareness and management (CFR, 2013). At the same time, CFR Global Health Program is devoted towards raising awareness and prevention as well as the management of various non-communicable diseases such as cancers, and diabetes initially regarded as diseases for the wealthy people.
The increasing demands of the global healthcare have brought about increased attention by the CFR Global Health Program. Although the CFR Global Health Program seeks to attain a manageable universal health, it has some disadvantages in that it is limited in scope and does not entirely bring about lasting solution to the global health care problems. Although it has been in existence for several years, the developing nations continue to face innumerable healthcare challenges. The Center for Disease Control (CDC) activities have brought about numerous benefits on global healthcare (CDC, 2013). CDC has led to improved health and well-being of global people, it has also led to the improvement in capabilities to prepare and respond to emerging threats in health and infectious diseases. Although CDC has been very successful, it has not adequately addressed infectious diseases in developing nations.
The World Health Organization (WHO) is involved in the directing and coordination of the health programs undertaken by the United Nations (UN). The WHO has effectively provided leadership that has shaped the global health programs. It has led to the development of health research agenda as well as setting standards and norms to be observed in global healthcare policies (WHO, 2013). Furthermore, the WHO has been effective in articulating evidence based practices throughout global healthcare programs. The WHO has also continued to provide technical support towards the assessment of trends in global healthcare. The WHO has spearheaded numerous reforms in global healthcare leading to better management of healthcare globally. It is true that WHO has been very successful in addressing the issue of global healthcare, however, it has not successfully dealt with healthcare issues in the developing nations.
References
Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). (2013). Global Health: DCD Activities Around the World. CDC. Retrieved on Friday, November 22, 2013 from http://www.cdc.gov/globalhealth/index.html.
Council on Foreign Relations. (2013). Global Health Program. Council on Foreign Relations. Retrieved on Friday, November 22, 2013 from http://www.cfr.org/projects/world/global-health-program/pr1240.
National Institutes of Health (NIH). (2013). Fogarty International Center: Advancing Science. National Institute of Health. Retrieved on Friday, November 22, 2013 from http://www.fic.nih.gov/About/Pages/role-global-health.aspx.
University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA). (2013). Program in Global Health. UCLA. Retrieved on Friday, November 22, 2013 from http://www.globalhealth.med.ucla.edu/about/index.html.
World Health Organization (WHO). (2013). About World Health Organization. WHO. Retrieved on Friday, November 22, 2013 from http://www.who.int/about/en/.
 

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