Sample Essay: Historical Art Period Research Paper

Renaissance in art means “rebirth” and has experienced numerous changes since its introduction in Italy in the fourteenth century. An intellectual movement away from the religious themes that had dominated in the middle Ages characterized it. Artists such as Sfumato and Chiaroscuro used different styles to depict their artwork whereby Sfumato created a contrast between light and dark portions of the painting. Leonardo da Vinci also used this type of painting in the widely recognized painting of the “Mona Lisa”. With Leonardo da Vinci Studying philosophy, natural history, anatomy, biology, medicine, optics, acoustics, science, mathematics and hydraulics, he was able to come up with typical example of his investigation in the study of human proportions which he sought to establish ideal proportions for human body by relating it to square and circle (Brett and McKay, 2010).
Impressionism was an art movement that started in France in the 1860s and 1870s.The name impressionist came about when Louis lorey made the first exhibition that impressed him. It is believed that impressionism changed the way westerners were doing their landscape way of painting, from timeless and nostalgic idealizations to accurate and representation of the art in a colored form as it is seen at that moment. Impressionists would use quick brush strokes to capture an “impression” of the object and this painting was as a means of expressing reality of the object. By the use of this style they broke the old rules, which said that fine paintings could not be visible with brush strokes usage (Brett and McKay, 2010).

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