Language Ability and Literacy Development Custom Essay Paper:
The term literacy is commonly used to denote the ability read and write; piecing together bits of information to form concrete ideas and perform an in-depth analysis of oral and written communication to reveal underlying meanings and influences. Literacy is an integral part of human development and with the global trend of rising literacy levels even in regions that had previously been lagging behind in this issue, literacy has gained worldwide recognition and appreciation for its potentially life changing aspect.
Literacy development is a gradual process that starts in the formative years of a child and goes on to become more advanced and sophisticated with time. Language is undoubtedly one of the most important elements that glues together the human race and without which it would be impossible to form social connections, express ones` aspirations and fears and also derive comfort in times of distress through words of encouragement from friends and family. It Is imperative for literacy development to be natured at a tender age because proficiency in written and spoken language takes a lot of time and practice to perfect, hence the need to introduce language skills as soon as they can be grasped and then continue polishing them as the level of understanding and reasoning advances (Aydin Yücesan Durgunoğlu).
Language deficiencies like Aphasia are major incumbent to literacy development. Language is the medium through ideas in written and oral form are expressed and understood  thus deficiency in language means that one is incapable of grasping concepts and arguments put forth as well as put their own ideas in a form that is universally explicable. Most language skills are acquired in the elementary level of education and children who experience difficulties in mastering any of the skills carry the deficiency with them to higher levels of education thus negatively impacting on their success in the academic sphere
Language deficiencies retard emotional development and cause psychological trauma because one is burdened by the inability to share thoughts and ideas and also express his emotions. Literacy development is a complex process highly dependent on the use of the mind to understand and retain concepts introduced. This requires a stable, receptive mind free from any negative internal or external influences so that it will be possible to focus the entire energy to learning new skills and improving on those already existent, ultimately conquering the seemingly insurmountable task of comprehensive literacy development.
Literacy development is also to a large extent influenced by the age at which a child commences formal schooling .A large percentage of children in developing countries start going to school relatively older as compared to their counterparts in developed countries. Language skills need to be ardently cultivated at young age so that they can be firmly rooted in the metal faculties. Young children also show a higher aptitude and interest in learning language concepts as compared to older children .This means that children in developed counties who join school when young may have a higher success rate at developing their language capability and attaining advanced literacy levels.
The English language has rapidly become the universally acceptable language of commerce and business relations. Literacy levels have come to be defined by how well one is able to read, write speak and understand the English language. There are many countries that do not speak English as the first language and in these populations there may be many people not proficient in the language and would thus deemed illiterate judging by global standards. It is therefore important to appreciate the role of language ability or disability on literacy development.
Aydin Yücesan Durgunoğlu, C. N. (2010). Language and Literacy Development in Bilingual Settings. N.J: Guilford Press.