Industrialism Essay:
Industrial Revolution involved changes within the art of making goods which resulted into substituting machines for hand labor. The era began with introduction of set of inventions used in the process of spinning and weaving development within England. These occurred in the eighteenth century. The first era saw such new machineries operated by employees within their respective homes. However, in the 1780s there was introduction of steam engines used in speeding up operations. The technology led to installation of machines in large buildings referred to as mills or factories. Rapid growth of such houses was experienced in central and northern England which at such time made population to increase around such cities as Manchester.
At the inception of the Victorian period, the Industrial Revolution had already taken great step hence impacted economic and social changes. There was massive migration of workers to such centers referred to as industrial towns, where they adopted new kind of working class. The era was punctuated by low wages, long working hours and recruitment women and children. This brought about overcrowding and thence horrible unsanitary housing situations.
Science and technology has historically shaped humanity in various dimensions. Research from American Historical Association reveals that history, science and technology have played an integral part in the society for centuries. This can be revealed from as far as establishment of Neolithic farming, techniques on food-storage, also included is technology development in weaving, printing and electronics. Technology has played key roles in development within stipulated time period such as; gunpowder in 13th Century, printing development in 15th Century, steam engine invention in 18th Century, development of various factories in 19th Century and the latest being development of nuclear power in 20th Century. There is elaborate evidence that various choices have been made amongst competing techniques for the purposes of achieving desirable results.
Impact of new and emerging technologies on IT and its applications is evident within various professional fields. The Third Wave observes that only three fundamental changes have taken place in society in the history of humankind: the agricultural revolution, the industrial revolution, and the information and technology revolution. These profound social changes redefined the nature of civilization, including where and how we live and work, family structure, how we value education and health and even the validity of well-established scientific theories. By definition, advancement in technology has been identified to include advances in hardware and software production as well as new display technologies. These advances further incorporate software and systems ranging from social network applications and declarative interface languages. Such new technologies also have profound effects on learning modes, content creation as well as educational philosophies.
Scholarly specialists consent based on social construction and argues on the fact that success or failure of technologies depends largely on the nature of political strategies employed. Various technological designs are as a result of ambient social and cultural factors which ultimately contribute towards shaping of society and culture. Technology has had an established relationship to labor, economics, political structure as well as organizational production processes. Additionally, technology plays a role in differentiating social status and construction of gender as well as influencing future choices. Various problems currently facing humankind can be solved through holistic approach on science and technology, in which case the impact of technological interventions on individual groups, communities as well as environment should be carefully considered.
Science and technology is also shaped by globalization where there is growing demand for interconnectedness within biophysical systems, as well as improved communications through internet. Application of new technology in mobile phones has created the possibility of using Just-in-Time services, for instance learning services, where students obtain accurate information regarding specific tasks. Presence of small screen provides interface and keyboard which is difficult to work with. Such technological adjustments have created possibility of using eLearning services with greater expectations. Consequently, emergence of new technology has led to creation of new software capable of handling rapidly growing hardware technologies. Such improvements have enabled application of new technologies for the purposes of content management and deliveries. Influence of science on people’s lives is eminent with the current wholesale use of digital computer technology. The trend on privatization as applied in many countries may undermine public sector science which is involved with fundamental research and solutions to non-commercial enterprises. Other concerns are on social implications of private ownership and control of technology and their ultimate implications on public scientific literacy and choices.
Culture and Anarchy
The struggle in Asia is based on the fact that majority wanted the creation of regional system as opposed to the neo-liberal imperialism. A section of Asians proposed the need of other system of governance other than nationalism which would create fresh Asian identity devoid of western influence. Asia has felt the need of creating regional institutions capable of competing evenly the power of the United States based on liberal globalization. This was considered achievable through bringing together military unions, establishment of collaborative economic institutions and international political institutions. This would ultimately lead to global order with central command in politics, culture, military and economy. Regionalism has played an important role in the protection of European societies. The same aspect became major debate in Asia with China suggesting on the new formation of South-east Asian Nations Association (ASEAN), the same idea was shared by Japan and South Korea.
Different forms of Asianism emerged since 19th century based on different forms of nationalism. However, the current proposition on Asian nationalism was driven by either Japanese or social concept. The idea of Asia is believed to have been a European invention in the 18th and 19th centuries. This was developed from the perspective of natural and social sciences with the creation of new world map which integrated the concept of Europe and Asia within the world history. The idea of Asia was constructed by a group of Europeans with aim of contrasting the region with Europe resulting into fierce opposition between Asian culture and European sovereignty based on political and economic systems. There was also pronounced differences in the European urban life and trade and the Asian agrarian mode of production since capitalists considered to have superiority over the inferior historical systems within Asia. Asia was viewed as a civilization with contrary political form opposed to that of European nation-state and also having social form instead of capitalism supported by the Europeans.
Western democratic liberalism allows for decentralized decision making for the purposes of easier modification of policies depending on local demand. In this case policies were modified for specific target groups hence leading to affordable costs of living within major cities. At the same time, such strategy forced the government to utilize local knowledge and capabilities, for the purposes of satisfying needs and taste of local consumers. This strategy could easily lead to loss on distinctiveness since local adaptation keeps changing over long period of time. Additionally, there is increased spending owing to complexity experienced in coordinating a range of strategies across boundaries within Chinese territory. Such strategy was used in cases where political parties required more power to overcome pressures emanating from cost effectiveness as well as adaptation with Maoist rules. However, the government allocated assets and capabilities depending on benefits obtained from each specific activity. Most activities within ‘upstream’ value chains experienced centralization with such strategy for the purposes of satisfying citizen’s needs. Conversely, activities within countryside were decentralized.
Goblin market
In this story two sisters are portrayed as hearing the sounds from goblin fruit market from within their closet. In the first instance, those in the house representing the governed ignore various enticing calls from goblin men. In the last instance one of them decides to move out and enquire concerning the happenings. In the text Laura moves out despite warnings from Lizzie, out of curiosity she eventually moves out. In the process goblin men practices their generosity by giving her their fruit, and upon seeing it looks appealing and tasty. However, there is no money and instead the goblins offer to utilize a piece of her golden hair. The subject ultimately accepts to offer some of her hair finds herself eating goblin fruit and eventually heads home to her sister. Upon eating the fruit the subject starts to waste away. The remaining subject Lizzie decides to go down to the market to enquire and find out what was happening to her counterpart sister. This provides goblin men representing Victorian governance, with opportunity to entice her the way they tempted her sister Laura, however, Lizzie stands for her values. This leads to violent action from goblin men who attempts to forcefully stuff fruit in Lizzie’s mouth. She still stands firm through keeping her mouth shut and ultimate results is juice all over her. The violent action of goblin men makes Lizzie to run back to their house covered all over in goblin fruit juice. In the process Laura kisses the juice off her sister’s cheeks and eventually despite the pain, she get healed. At later dates, we see the two sisters now grown-ups sharing their experiences within goblin market to their children inform of caution concerning the importance of sisterly love.
On Liberty
Achievement of American history is attributed to few individuals who sacrificed their personal lives within the political field for the sake of posterity and future generations. There activities and sacrifices were characterized by pragmatism and were united against societal evils that threatened to harm their people hence leading to formation of institutions which assisted in matters of governance. This was done as a strategy to counter the rule of colonialists for the benefit of the natives. The year 1765 was marred with protests from the colonialist following declaration of an act which favored the natives; this was followed by resignations and sucking of top governing officials. America was at this time in the hands of British colonialists who ruled for nearly half a century leading to what was referred to as American Revolution which was later followed by the writing of the Constitution.
Those involved in the writing of the Constitution had conflicting goals and interests despite being driven by common values. However such interests were taken care of within the bill of rights, stipulated rules and procedures enacted within the constitution. The Constitution was able to provide a clear framework on issues concerning governance. Foundations of American democracy was built following the struggle between pro-Revolutionary and anti-Revolutionary, later turned into struggle between Federalists and Anti-federalists and subsequently the current competing interests between Democrats and Republicans.
Colonial elite had great struggle with the radical forces from those considered small groups representing peasants. The British government at some point imposed taxes citing reasons that they had to compensate for the security they offered their colonies during the French and Indian wars. A the same time there were difficulties in collection and sharing of taxes by the colonial governments which led to development of economic policy principles, such as Stamp Act and Sugar Act of 1764. Such economic issues led to confrontations that resulted into such wars as Boston massacre in 1770. Oppressions from colonialists led to demand for change within economical, social and political structures and also leadership. Series of demands marred with provocations and retaliations, boycott of British goods ultimately led to revolution.
The Importance of Being Earnest
According to the article, individual dynamism within military service forms a critical phenomenon. There is possibility of servicemen adjusting towards challenging situations within different environments.The essence of Neuroticism could be defined as the status where an individual shows weak emotions towards occurrences. The act usually leads towards stressful emotional reactions and experiences. This study gives a positive correlation on self-confidence and neuroticism, whereby low standards of neuroticism is associated with good leadership. Self-esteem is considered a representative of low levels of neuroticism hence creating a factor used when analysing leadership qualities within entire organization staff. Neurotic individuals as indicated in this chapter are less likely to be considered as mature leaders making neuroticism to be considered negatively based on quality leadership and effectiveness. Performance on administrative responsibilities in social service set-up can only be based on interest and adequate preparation which requires high leadership skills.
Voices from World War I
The principle of literary epiphany can be recognized and symbolized in Plato’s Allegory of the cave through application of principles of justice based on knowledge of the truth. All these principles lead to development of man or city with character. Plato uses this allegory to illustrate the nature of truth and the journey from ignorance to knowledge. The principle of education is used as an instrument to symbolize the concept of a literary epiphany. Thus the instrument cannot be turned around from that which is coming into being without turning the whole soul until it is able to study that which is and the brightest thing that is, namely, the one we call the good. At the same time, “Smoking gun” was used in the hand-outs to refer to the revolver that was used by a Serbian nationalist to assassinate Archduke Franz Ferdinand who happen to be heir apparent to the Austro-Hungarian throne, in Sarajevo on June 28, 1914. This made WWI to be referred to as man-made catastrophe.
The estimated number of casualties caused by WWI both civilian and military was estimated at about 37 million. This included approximately 16 million deaths and 21 million wounded. Further, total number of deaths included 9.7 million military personnel and about 6.8 million civilians. Those referred to as the allies of nations which were at war lost approximately 5.7 million soldiers while the loss by Central Powers was approximated to be 4 million. During WWI, the two main types of injuries that resulted from engaging in frontline battle in the trenches were head injuries and extreme facial disfigurement. This is because the trenches served to protect the soldiers’ bodies, but left their heads exposed on the front line, hence this resulted in heavy numbers of head injuries and extreme facial disfigurement. Faces were exposed above the dug trenches hence open target towards missile attacks. The Schlieffen plan led the Germans to invade Belgium in order to reach Paris hence breaking the previously signed London treaty which had made Belgium an autonomous and neutral country. Rumors and stories quickly spread of the atrocities the German soldiers inflicted upon Belgian civilians making Britain to declare war for the purposes of honoring London treaty, hence fuelling war between the countries based on the alliance system.
The repercussions of the Treaty of Versailles on Germany at the end of WWI were that Germany was required to accept full responsibility for the war and pay reparations. The original amount Germany was to pay totaled $638B. This amount was reduced to $33B ($402B today). However, Germans could not afford to pay such charges since the country was suffering from internal feuds caused by militias and at the same time from communists. This led to weakening of the German government where all arms of government, were rendered obsolete except the army, despite Germans surrendering within French territory. At the same time, German territory was never conquered since they commanded much respect and support from the majority. The aftermath results led to massive inflation which infringed on people’s savings hence collapse of Germany’s economy.
The term Shell-Shock was associated with both individual and collective military action particularly as a result of collision between warring opponents. The meaning was later connected with technology of war and medical disorders of peace, nervousness as well as emotional strain and collapse of circulatory system. “Shell-Shock” originated from physical effects of high explosives which exploded nearby soldiers hence causing internal damages to the brain and nervous system. Shell-shock was caused by exposure of soldiers to exploding shells which never caused any external visible wounds. The resulting blast force, from explosives caused remarkable state of shock within soldiers. According to British medical report, the situation is basically caused by the result of explosion rather than the missile itself. This was associated with invisible force which had great impact on air hence inflicting novel and peculiar damage to soldier’s nervous system and brain. The theme of time and waiting are reflected through the use of war alerts such as discharge of gas which would alert combats on preparation for next attacks. Motion and sound were used for the purposes of signaling various occurrences within the battle-front. Events were determined through orders from commanding officers.
Modernism and Post-Modernism
The process of drafting statement of American independence was left to a committee comprising of five people. The document was based on political and philosophical grounds focused on dislodging the British rule and were majorly based on the principles of unity which was followed by the adoption of the Articles of Confederation forming the first American constitution in 1777. The constitution provided for legislative branch which formed the first part of the Constitution indicating the existence of Congress consisting of House of Representatives and Senate. The two branches performed different tasks. Congress performed tasks such as collection of taxes, regulation of Commerce, defense amongst others. There was the Executive, Legislature and the judicial branches of government. The executive comprises of the President, while the judicial branch was endowed with the responsibility of checking for democracy and guarding against interference with liberty and property. The constitution at the same time provided for national Unity and power amongst American citizens and all states. The process of amending the constitution was provided for in Article V with article VII providing for rules for ratification of the document.
“In waiting for Godot”, content analysis used reveals the extent to which social media is used as a tool kit for the purposes of molding characters. Every post-modernist uses it differently according to their communication style and intent of communication. The most important part is the personality of the characters as portrayed through various life experiences. The level of authenticity and the way of communication within various chapters captures the theme of “perpetual happiness through invention”. That is the driving force behind the success in the current society, character’s personality traits. The tools can do nothing if the person behind the tool is not authentic or sincere, because the public is an intelligent public and they can find out. Although social media is a great platform for communication, face to face interaction is still most favored because its personal; Although it did present people with a new kind of proximity, yet the face to face interaction is more valued.
“The Moment Before the Gun Went Off” reveals various development within modernism. This can be explained through social media and appears to be amongst the most revolutionary processes within modern society more specifically because the social media has become a super-highway of information. From the increasing importance of the modernism, today, there is a suggestion that most politicians have only joined an ongoing trend of designers, business executives, and individuals (among others) who have resorted to use social media as a technical utopia for advancing their goals. Since many people have accepted the internet as their main communication paradigm, the internet has become widely successful in changing how politicians interact with their subjects. In sum, Flichy argues that the internet has been widely successful in politics because it transforms the interaction between leaders and their followers.
Theme of “Gender”
One of the major theories used is referred to as theory of social penetration. This is depicted from relationship which develops from communication and moves from what is considered relatively shallow non-intimate levels to deeper and more personal intimacy. As demonstrated in the movie, social penetration theory gives description of human beings as those made up like onion layers. Each layer is representation of person’s character and eagerness towards self-disclosure of information which must be peeled back carefully until the core is uncovered representing one’s true-self. Diversity basically refers to the various differences existing amongst people. Cultural diversity on the other hand refers to the various cultural differences existing between people. The differences range from language, dressing, traditional values, religion, and societal interactions with the environment.
Much attention need to be given the various dimensions of diversity which include secondary issues such as effects on communication style, religious practices, relationships, traditional customs and appearance. Individual dynamism is crucial for the purposes of appropriate adjustment to the challenging situations that might engulf an organization. This is advisable to ensure that the attitude, approach, and performance of individuals remain apposite and competitive within the organization. Precisely, the matter considers the aspects of resilience at an individual’s level. Nonetheless, the fact is also necessary and applicable at group level. Individuals, factions, and corporations considering gender balance should be resilient enough in order to cope with the challenging macro environmental situations. Evidently, an individual requires the aspects of self understanding for the purposes of formulating how he or she can adjust to the changing environments with precision, appropriateness, and desired relevancy. This helps in self actualization, satisfaction, and creativity to avoid the looming life challenges that might affect an individual, group, or an organization with stringent adversities in the realms of performance. From the past studies, people have always reacted differently to different situations.
The ability of having quality character traits resides in a person’s ability to be disciplined through every domain and stage in life. Such a character enables an individual to be a team player enabling reinforcement of service capabilities. Being big makes an individual to take risks and ride above the fear of unknown such helps in renewal and restoration of leadership capabilities. There are possibilities of such individual becoming a mastery of managerial skill leading towards successful heart maturity. Being big portrays some level of maturity and responsiveness usually capable of attracting others; hence such like people are considered role models. Maturity precedes a call to leadership which is often considered source of influence other than formal authority. Those who see themselves as big are capable of leading sacrificially hence finds it easy to serve others. Such characters are extraverts who are strongly associated with social leadership.
The ability of having quality character traits resides in a person’s ability to be disciplined through every domain and stage in life. Such a character enables an individual to be a team player enabling reinforcement of service capabilities. Being big makes an individual to take risks and ride above the fear of unknown such helps in renewal and restoration of leadership capabilities. There are possibilities of such individual becoming a mastery of managerial skill leading towards successful heart maturity. Being big portrays some level of maturity and responsiveness usually capable of attracting others; hence such like people are considered role models. Maturity precedes a call to leadership which is often considered source of influence other than formal authority. Those who see themselves as big are capable of leading sacrificially hence finds it easy to serve others. Such characters are extraverts who are strongly associated with social leadership.
 

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