Patient Centered Care Essay
NIHCM is considered as an American nonprofit organization that aims at improving the quality health care of Americans in general. The foundation engages in research and publications for enhancement of health care. The essay aims at reviewing the patient-centred issue publication of the foundation.
The publication presents various issues in relation to health care. The article brings out the benefits and the fresh role of patient-centered care within the health care system. The role therefore is defined in terms of ethical, economical and clinical perspectives. Patient- centered care involves a paradigm shift in the health care system. The patient-centered care therefore cannot be equated to the introduction of a new pill due to the fact that it involves the efforts of individuals in the management process of their health with the help of the health care provider (Gruman et al. (2011). The major stakeholders in the patient-centered model involve the individual patient, the health care providers and the purchases that assist the individual in the process of managing their health. In this case, shared decision making process will enhance the general health of an individual while reducing the vulnerability to various illnesses and conditions that may warrant an individual to incur higher costs in the treatment process (Gruman et al. 2011).
In future working with an organization based on the patient-centered model essential in a health care type of organization. This is because the individual patients themselves are regarded as an essential component in the provision of high quality health care services with lesser costs. The implication of the patient-centered care to the health care organization cannot be underestimated at any costs. The introduction of patient-centered care to the organization will involve both the negative and positive impacts to the organization. Patient-centered care system will ensure the provision of quality health care services to individuals at lower costs. Within the patient- centered model it is believed that the individual patients are in a better position to ascertain the health care needs better than anyone else.
The negative impact will involve the issue of role conflict within the health care organization. The major stake holders within the health care organization and the patient-centered model involve the health care provider and the purchasers who engage in playing various parts in assisting the patient in the provision of quality healthcare. Each stakeholder has a crucial role to play in the effort of sustaining the patient-centered model within the health care organization. Many heath organizations have engaged in the efforts of making patient-centered model more universal. This is attributed to the fact that the model generates both the clinical and economic advantages to the health care system as a whole.
The partnership between the patient and the clinical aspect as the stakeholder in the patient-centered care is very critical. This is due to the fact that the partnership aims at improving both the clinical and the economic results of the health care organization. In economic perspective the duty of consumerism has not been well understood in a clinical context. In many instances the patients and consumer has been used interchangeably to complement each other (Sood et al. 2013).
In order for the health organization to fully exploit the available opportunities in the patient-centered model of health care there is need for change within the organization. The change may involve both the clinical and the economic aspects of the organization. In the economic terms the success of the model or system is highly dependable on the available resources to facilitate the introduction of the patient- centered care. The patient- centered model within the health care system should go beyond hiring of health care staff and offering a better customer care service. Introducing the patient-centered care model and making it successful involves cultural shift among the health care players and other stakeholders (Tak, Ruhnke & Meltzer 2013).
It encompasses the process of creation of fresh structures with new roles and responsibilities. Any change within any organization will be encountered by various forms of resistance. Therefore, within the health care organization the paradigm shift to the patient-centered care system will encounter various forms of resistance (Katz & Hawley 2013).
The government may engage in the creation of policies in relation to patient-centered care within the healthcare organization. These policies and laws created by the government of the day in the provision of health care services need to be adhered to by the health care organization. The government may create such policies as making the patient-centered model universal in all health care organizations. In this case the policy will be created for the purposes of provision of quality health care services to the citizens. In addition, the government regulation may be in terms of costs whereby the government may encourage the use of the model at affordable costs to the citizens. The organization needs to comply with the government regulation in relation to an affordable patient centered system (Levinson, Lesser &Epstein 2010).
The patient centered model is regarded as offering a lot of benefits not only to the patient in terms of quality provision of health service but also in terms of economic gains to the health care organization. Through the use of the model the health care organization will engage in making profits and gains economically. Thus, the issue of patient-centered care is not only beneficial in terms of services offered but also the economic gains made through the use of the model in a health care organization (Hibbard & Greene 2013).
The changes in health care systems and organizations to shift to the patient-centered system have a promise of clinical, economic and ethical gains as exhibited in the publication. The gains will be spread across the major stakeholders in the health sector.
Hibbard JH and Greene J. (2013). “What the Evidence Shows About Patient Activation: Better Health Outcomes and Care Experiences; Fewer Data on Costs.” Health Aff, 32(2):207- 14.
Katz SJ and Hawley S. (2013). “The Value of Sharing Treatment Decision Making with Patients: Expecting Too Much?” JAMA, 310(15):1559-60.
Gruman J et al. (2011).Supporting Patients’ Engagement in their Health and Health Care. Washington, DC: Center for Advancing Health.
Levinson W, Lesser CS and Epstein RM. (2010). “Developing Physician Communication Skills for Patient-Centered Care.” Health Aff, 29(7):1310-18.
Sood N et al. (2013). “Price Shopping in Consumer-Directed Health Plans.” Forum Health Econ Policy, 16(1):1-19.
Tak HJ, Ruhnke GW and Meltzer DO. (2013). “Association of Patient Preferences for Participation in Decision Making with Length of Stay and Costs Among Hospitalized Patients.” JAMA Intern Med, 173(13):1195-1205.
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