Read the Policy Game: Understanding U.S. Policy Making and Watch Changing Education Paradigms. Write a paper on the problem of education in the U. S. Share your reactions to the concepts and perspective presented in the video. In your paper, address the following. a). does every individual have the right of access to education why or why not? b). do you think every individual has the right to the same kind of education(i.e. academic versus vocational? explain why. c). who should be responsible for the provisions of education, the federal or local government, or individual citizens? explain why? d). in your opinion, what need to be done currently to improve our educational system? also discuss one policy that you feel has been instrumental in making positive changes in the provision of education either nationally or locally and explain your position.

Education is a basic need for all individuals. This is safeguarded through the universal right to education. However, variables within the education system provide the basis for the disparities among the individuals. The aspect of education is dependent on four parties, namely parent, the federal government, state government and the non-profit making entities. The education system needs policy changes to align it with the current industrial needs.
The right to education is fundamental and is entitled to every American. It is the right that prescribes the need for the basic education among all Americans. In fact, this right makes it mandatory for the Americans to access the primary education. Besides, the right advocates for the introduction of the free secondary education. It also advocates for the development of the obligation to the access of the higher education in an equitable manner. In ideality, the right demands a progressive development of a free higher education system. Right to education also gives the state an obligation to provide the minority groups with the basic education. These minorities include the individuals who have already missed the primary education (Verheyde, 2006). In this view, the individuals can be able to access the basic education without the consideration of their age.
Although the right to education provides the obligation of the state to the provision of the education to every individual, it does not limit the individual’s freedoms of the kinds of academic or vocational education that they get. Every individual has the right to choose the kind of educational path that they follow. The government obligation in education is to allow the access of its funded programs for its subject. There are also the privately funded programs that allow only the select individuals to join certain academic or vocational programs. For this reason, the program has some preferred candidates for the programs. The preference is based on such factors as the academic performance or talent. On the other hand, the government funded education programs also encourage the specialization among the education pursuers. As a consequence, the individuals do not always have equal opportunities. They also do not pursue equal educational programs. These variables bar the individuals from enjoying the ideal ideas of the right to education, both academic and vocational (Trowler, 2003). The idea of same kind of education only exists in the ideality but not in the reality.
Education of the individual citizens should depend on four parties. These parties include the federal government, the state government, the individual parents, and the national not-for-profit organizations. The role of the state government in the education spans such areas as regulation as well as funding. In the US, the education industry is primarily funded by the state government. The government also includes the development of the educational policies. The other areas of the education that heavily depend on the government is the training and the employment of teachers in the public schools (Trowler, 2003). On the other hand, the federal government plays the role of ensuring equity, adequacy, and racial integration as well as funding. The government should play these roles to ensure the smooth attainment of the educational policy goals. At the other end, the parents should play the role of providing the basic needs to the developing child. It is important to consider that education goals cannot be attained without the prior attainment of the goals of the basic human needs (Abbott, Rathbone & Whitehead, 2012). In this context, the parent should provide the means of meeting the basic needs of their children. In some other circumstances, the parents may play the funding role in the education of their children. One of such circumstances is where the education is provided through the private schools systems. At the other end, the non-profit making organizations should play various roles most importantly that of the affirmative action and funding.
Various improvements need to be done to lift the standards of the education system. One of such changes is the increase in the level of the student learning engagement. In this view, the education system needs to call for the adoption of the project-based learning. Project-based learning increases the experience of the student to the real industrial problems. It also increases creativity that is much required in the modern industrial realms. One of the education policies that would cause a change in the industry is the college fee. There is need to erect policies that would sustainable reduce the cost of the college education in the US (McKimm, Swanwick & Association for the Study of Medical Education, 2007). Currently, the college fee is extremely high. This aspect has limited most individuals from accessing the higher education. The erection of policies that lower the cost of college without compromising the quality of education would increase the access of the education to the individual citizens.
In conclusion, the basic right to education provides the basis for the individual access to the government-funded education systems. However, the individual decisions of education are influenced by their preferences as well as those of the private schools. The interplay of the government, parents, and the organizations ensure that most individuals access the basic education. However, the education system needs policy changes to align it with the current industrial needs.
Abbott, I., Rathbone, M., & Whitehead, P. (2012). Education Policy. London: SAGE        Publications.
McKimm, J., Swanwick, T., & Association for the Study of Medical Education. (2007).   Educational leadership. Edinburgh: Association for the Study of Medical Education.
Trowler, P. (2003). Education Policy. New York: Routledge.
Verheyde, M. (2006). Article 28: The right to education. Leiden: Martinus Nijhoff Publishers.

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