Relationships between Disaster Events and Social Conflict
Disasters disrupt our everyday lives and the social systems put in place to align politics to the various social needs. Directly or indirectly, disasters bring instabilities by exacerbating present social grievances brought about by resource scarcities (Kelman, 2003).
Effects of disasters are far reaching. Disasters destroy the environment, and have a ripple effect into the political realm, the society and the psychology of the masses. Disasters challenge the political structure of a society, as well as disrupting the livelihood strategies of the society.
The physical infrastructure of a country is hit hardest by the occurrence of a disaster. This often disables adequate distribution of both food and medical supplies that are essential for catering to the victims of the disaster. Destruction of crops causes a food shortage and consequently famine. Famine brings about resource shortage related crimes like theft and group conflicts.
Sudden changes caused by disasters elevate problems that a community goes through on daily basis. This heightens the opportunities for conflict. Disasters bring out grievances that lead to disruptions of the daily lives of individuals, the community at large as well as the political organizations (Alexander, 2000).
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