Sample Essay Paper on: Spinoza’s Philosophy on Freedom, Mind and Body

Spinoza’s theory of the relationship between mind and body. What is the human body? What is the mind? How does Spinoza argue that physical events do not cause mental events, and that mental events do not cause physical events? How are mind and body related to one another if they do not interact causally?

  1. Spinoza’s theory of the relationship between mind and body

An average person sees it obvious when asked to give definition of a human body, but Spinoza in no ordinary man. Confident that he will live long enough to share his perspective on these matters, Spinoza argued that the human body is made up of individual bodies. Spinoza explains that the human body are not different from the rest of the nature because they are subject to the same law. He gives an illustration saying that human body is not a kingdom inside a kingdom. Although Aristotle seems to agree with Spinoza he says that even if animals move, sense, and desire, there is one activity that is unique to human body and that is the exercise of rationality,  Nicomachaen Ethics by Aristotle.
What is the mind?
A mind is a seat of consciousness, thought volition and feelings while Spinoza refers to the mind as a being on its own he distances the body from the mind when he associates it with the nature of God. He sees the mind as something that can be affected by the surrounding resolving to find if there is any good possessing the influence to communicate with itself, which would have an effect on the mind. A mind, according to Spinoza perceives things to be the way the mind perceives them to be and they take that form. He gives an example of the venom of a snake which is poison, but a defence for the snake that bites. A house that matches to one’s thought of what a house should as an ideal house, but it is an imperfect one to another person who has a different idea in mind.

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