Roles of Judges Within the Criminal Justice System Essay

The criminal justice system defines the processes that governments put in place to control crime and to impose penalties on lawbreakers and criminals. Criminal justice systems differ depending on the jurisdictions in charge of the system. They however all work towards the same goal, controlling crime and penalizing lawbreakers. A typical criminal justice system can be broken down into five main components. These include enforcement of the law, prosecution, defense attorney assignation, and court hearing and correction measures. One or more criminal justice system operatives run each component. The judge is one of the most influential operatives in the criminal justice system.
A judge is usually hears cases and acts as an impartial decision maker in the outcome of the case. They preside over the hearing of a case and usually ensure the case carries on in an orderly fashion. They regulate court proceedings especially during the lawyers ‘sessions. In addition to these, judges are mandated with ensuring both parties use legal and proper evidence. Evidence tabled in court therefore must meet the appropriate legal requirements and be approved by the judge. The judge outlines instructions applying to the case on hearing to the jury and the standards that should be used in deciding the outcome of the case. The judge’s biggest role usually is determining the facts and using the same to make a decision on the case. They are also responsible for sentencing convicted law breakers (Burns, 2007).

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