Twentieth century issues: Voices from World War I Essay
The principle of literary epiphany can be recognized and symbolized in Plato’s Allegory of the cave through application of principles of justice based on knowledge of the truth. All these principles lead to development of man or city with character. Plato uses this allegory to illustrate the nature of truth and the journey from ignorance to knowledge. The principle of education is used as an instrument to symbolize the concept of a literary epiphany. Thus the instrument cannot be turned around from that which is coming into being without turning the whole soul until it is able to study that which is and the brightest thing that is, namely, the one we call the good. At the same time, “Smoking gun” was used in the hand-outs to refer to the revolver that was used by a Serbian nationalist to assassinate Archduke Franz Ferdinand who happen to be heir apparent to the Austro-Hungarian throne, in Sarajevo on June 28, 1914. This made WWI to be referred to as man-made catastrophe.
The estimated number of casualties caused by WWI both civilian and military was estimated at about 37 million. This included approximately 16 million deaths and 21 million wounded. Further, total number of deaths included 9.7 million military personnel and about 6.8 million civilians. Those referred to as the allies of nations which were at war lost approximately 5.7 million soldiers while the loss by Central Powers was approximated to be 4 million. During WWI, the two main types of injuries that resulted from engaging in frontline battle in the trenches were head injuries and extreme facial disfigurement. This is because the trenches served to protect the soldiers’ bodies, but left their heads exposed on the front line, hence this resulted in heavy numbers of head injuries and extreme facial disfigurement. Faces were exposed above the dug trenches hence open target towards missile attacks. The Schlieffen plan led the Germans to invade Belgium in order to reach Paris hence breaking the previously signed London treaty which had made Belgium an autonomous and neutral country. Rumors and stories quickly spread of the atrocities the German soldiers inflicted upon Belgian civilians making Britain to declare war for the purposes of honoring London treaty, hence fuelling war between the countries based on the alliance system.
The repercussions of the Treaty of Versailles on Germany at the end of WWI were that Germany was required to accept full responsibility for the war and pay reparations. The original amount Germany was to pay totaled $638B. This amount was reduced to $33B ($402B today). However, Germans could not afford to pay such charges since the country was suffering from internal feuds caused by militias and at the same time from communists. This led to weakening of the German government where all arms of government, were rendered obsolete except the army, despite Germans surrendering within French territory. At the same time, German territory was never conquered since they commanded much respect and support from the majority. The aftermath results led to massive inflation which infringed on people’s savings hence collapse of Germany’s economy.
The term Shell-Shock was associated with both individual and collective military action particularly as a result of collision between warring opponents. The meaning was later connected with technology of war and medical disorders of peace, nervousness as well as emotional strain and collapse of circulatory system. “Shell-Shock” originated from physical effects of high explosives which exploded nearby soldiers hence causing internal damages to the brain and nervous system. Shell-shock was caused by exposure of soldiers to exploding shells which never caused any external visible wounds. The resulting blast force, from explosives caused remarkable state of shock within soldiers. According to British medical report, the situation is basically caused by the result of explosion rather than the missile itself. This was associated with invisible force which had great impact on air hence inflicting novel and peculiar damage to soldier’s nervous system and brain. The theme of time and waiting are reflected through the use of war alerts such as discharge of gas which would alert combats on preparation for next attacks. Motion and sound were used for the purposes of signaling various occurrences within the battle-front. Events were determined through orders from commanding officers.

20% OFF Your 1st Order. Use the code: SAVE20 - Order Now Dismiss